By Gungor V.C., Lambert F.C.
In latest aggressive electrical software industry, trustworthy and real-time details turn into the main issue for trustworthy supply of energy to the end-users, profitability of the electrical software and consumer delight. The operational and advertisement calls for of electrical utilities require a high-performance facts verbal exchange community that helps either latest functionalities and destiny operational standards. during this appreciate, because the sort of communique community constitutes the middle of the electrical procedure automation purposes, the layout of a cheap and trustworthy community structure is important. during this paper, the possibilities and demanding situations of a hybrid community structure are mentioned for electrical procedure automation. extra in particular, web dependent digital deepest Networks, strength line communications, satellite tv for pc communications and instant communications (wireless sensor networks, WiMAX and instant mesh networks) are defined intimately. the incentive of this paper is to supply a greater knowing of the hybrid community structure which could offer heterogeneous electrical approach automation program standards. during this regard, our objective is to provide a based framework for electrical utilities who plan to make use of new communique applied sciences for automation and for this reason, to make the decision-making approach more beneficial and direct.
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Written through authors with significant event in academia and undefined, instant Mesh Networks presents its readers with a radical review and in-depth realizing of the cutting-edge in instant mesh networking. It bargains suggestions on easy methods to advance new rules to develop this know-how, and the way to help rising functions and companies. The contents of the booklet persist with the TCP/IP protocol stack, ranging from the actual layer. Functionalities and current protocols and algorithms for every protocol layer are lined extensive. The booklet is written in an obtainable textbook kind, and includes aiding fabrics equivalent to difficulties and routines to aid learning.
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Extra resources for A survey on communication networks for electric system automation
The simulation results show that our proposed scheme can generally achieve high network utilization, low losses and end-toend congestion control. V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Adaptive transmission rate; Quality-of-service (QoS); End-to-end congestion control; Network delay; TCP-friendly; Network resource optimization 1. Introduction * Corresponding author. : +1 305 284 5566; fax: +1 305 284 4044. -L. Shyu). V. All rights reserved. 005 922 H. Luo et al. / Computer Networks 50 (2006) 921–937 and video streaming.
That is, when the multimedia ﬂows compete bandwidth with the traditional TCP ﬂows, they should share the bandwidth fairly, which is called TCP-friendly. It has been shown in  that the Additive Increase and Multiplicative Decrease (AIMD) algorithm eﬃciently converges to a fair state. The recently proposed congestion control mechanisms are TCP-like window-based schemes or equation-based schemes . Some rate adaptation approach for congestion control has been proposed. TCP-friendly protocols employing rate-based control to compete fairly with other TCP ﬂows for bandwidth were proposed in .
A) Number of search_IP1 packets exchanged in simulation a and b. (b) Approximating the gap between search_IP1 traﬃcs as a linear function. The graph shows that the search_IP1 traﬃc increases with a linear regression in comparison with the set of nodes. The same way, we show the traﬃc of search_IP2 packets in Fig. 19(a), as well as the diﬀerence of traﬃc between the two types of simulations according to the number of nodes in Fig. 19(b). In this graph, we can see that the increase in search_IP2 traﬃc can be approximated by the equation: Y ¼ 0:06 Ã X 1:765 .