By Rakesh Bajpai, Aleš Prokop, Mark Zappi
This booklet reports efforts to supply chemical substances and fuels from woodland and plant items, agricultural residues and extra. Algae can in all probability seize solar power and atmospheric CO2; the publication info wanted study and legislative tasks.
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Extra info for Algal Biorefineries: Volume 1: Cultivation of Cells and Products
Biotechnol Bioeng 109(7):1663–1673. 24449 Henderson R, Parson SA, Jefferson B (2008) The impact of algal properties and preoxidation on solid liquid separation of algae. Water Res 42:1827–1845 Hussain K, Nawaz K, Majeed A, Lin F (2010) Economically effective potential of algae for biofuels production. World Appl Sci J 9(11):1313–1323 Khola G, Ghazala B (2012) Biodiesel production from algae. Pak J Bot 44:379–381 22 R. Bajpai et al. Kim Y-H, Choi Y-K, Park J, Lee S, Yang Y-H, Kim HJ, Park T-J, Kim YH, Park T-J, Kim YH, Lee SH (2012) Ionic liquid-mediated extraction of lipids from algal biomass.
The resulting ability to predict these separation properties has revolutionized Algal Reactor Design Based on Comprehensive Modeling of Light and Mixing 29 the petroleum industry, and is the cornerstone of all petrochemical processes. The approaches introduced by Holland et al. (Holland et al. 2011; Holland and Wheeler 2011), further detailed in this chapter, hold the potential to provide such model for industrial algal biomass production processes, guiding bioreactor design and parameterization to maximize biomass and lipid productivity.
As for bacterial cultures, monitoring the algal biomass concentration is easily done by correlating dry weight and optical density at 680 nm (or other wavelength in the 500–700 nm range) using a spectrophotometer without correcting for scatter (Holland et al. 2011). 44 A. D. Holland and J. M. 1 Fluorescence Response In an algal culture, the absorbed photons are either processed into biomass through the generation of an electron flow or dissipated (as chlorophyll fluorescence or heat). Photosynthetic electron transport can be modeled as a two-phase process.