An Introduction to Philosophy of Education, 4th Edition, 4th by Robin Barrow; R. G. Woods

By Robin Barrow; R. G. Woods

This introductory textual content, now in its fourth variation, is a vintage in its box. It exhibits, initially, the significance of philosophy in academic debate and as a heritage to any sensible job corresponding to instructing. what's taken with the assumption of teaching somebody or the belief of academic good fortune? What are the standards for constructing the optimal stability among formal and casual educating suggestions? How reliable is academic learn? as well as those questions, which strike to the guts of the reason for the educative method as a complete, the authors discover such thoughts as tradition, creativity, autonomy, indoctrination, wishes, pursuits and studying via discovery. during this new up-to-date version, the authors draw at the most modern examine in genetics to argue that schooling is uniquely human and is basically what develops us as people. Resisting smooth developments to equate wisdom with opinion, and cost decisions with flavor, this ebook leads the reader into the enterprise of philosophising and champions the reason for cause in schooling.

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Note 1 For more on Washoe and research into apes generally, see Paola Cavalieri and Peter Singer (eds), The Great Ape Project: Equality beyond Humanity, (Fourth estate, 1993). On computers and minds, see, for example John Searle, Minds, Brains and Science, (Harvard University Press, 1984). Further reading Matt Ridley Nature via Nurture (London, HarperCollins, 2003) is a key text on the current state of genetic research. Taking a very different view to that presented in this book is John Gray Straw Dogs (London, Granta, 2002).

Being animals we also behave sometimes in terms of simple stimulus-response; but our distinctive characteristic is the use of reason. That is our essence: our mind, as distinct from brain. (Usage of the words ‘mind’ and ‘brain’ unfortunately doesn’t follow any consistent pattern, particularly where different disciplines such as psychology and philosophy are concerned. The distinction 24 What is it to be human? that matters, however, is between the physiological organ that is necessary to but is not to be identified with the various aspects of reasoning, which I refer to as the ‘brain’, and the ‘mind’ which I reserve for the non-corporeal notion of our actual reasoning capacity in its widest sense.

In Greece, at about this time, the Minoan culture, associated with the famous palace at Knossos on Crete, is superseded by the Mycaenean Age, centred on the city of Mycenae, where King Agamemnon, according to tradition, was king. It was Agamemnon who led the Greeks to Troy to recover his brother Menelaus’ wife Helen, and it is of this period that the Homeric poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey tell, although they were probably composed and certainly written down later. For comparative purposes, we may note that in China this was the period of the Shang Dynasty, during which there is evidence of extensive cities and 18 Thinking about education the development of bronze work and writing, but the latter is still limited to strictly practical uses as, for example, on oracle bones and inscriptions.

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